DIMACS Theoretical Computer Science Seminar

Title: Asynchronous Perfectly Secure Communication over One-Time Pads

Speaker: Giovanni Di Crescenzo, Telcordia

Date: March 28, 2006 2:00-3:00pm

Location: DIMACS Center, CoRE Bldg, Room 431, Rutgers University, Busch Campus, Piscataway, NJ


The One-Time Pad is a fundamental cryptographic protocol as it represents the ideal in secure unidirectional communication (i.e., in cases where there is a designated sender and a designated receiver) both in terms of security (in the presence of eavesdroppers) as well as in terms of computational efficiency. Surprisingly, no modeling and investigation of this protocol has been done in important practical settings, as distributed and asynchronous ones. In this work we introduce an asynchronous model for multidirectional and multi-player One-Time Pad asynchronous communication protocols. In this model the random pad is shared by all players, and there is no designated sender and receiver; in fact any participating player can act as a receiver at any given time, players communicate in a totally asynchronous fashion and may arbitrarily go off-line.

We define the problem of designing One-Time Pad asynchronous communication protocols, where the goal is that of maximizing the amount of the shared pad used before new randomness needs to be generated, with the constraint of mantaining the security property under reasonable adversarial assumptions on the relative behavior of the players and the network. We present lower bounds and protocol solutions for this problem that significantly improve over the obvious scenario where parties use an equal fraction of the pad. Our constructions are non-interactive in the sense that they require no additional synchronizing communication beyond the (usual) information that accompanies each ciphertext.

This is joint work with Aggelos Kiayias, from ICALP 2005.