Sponsored by the Rutgers University Department of Mathematics and the
Center for Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science (DIMACS)

Doron Zeilberger, Rutgers University, zeilberg {at} math [dot] rutgers [dot] edu
Bryan Ek, Rutgers University, bryan [dot] t [dot] ek {at} math [dot] rutgers [dot] edu

Title: Sporadic Apéry-like numbers modulo primes

Speaker: Amita Malik, Rutgers University

Date: Thursday, September 14, 2017 5:00pm

Location: Hill Center, Room 705, Rutgers University, Busch Campus, Piscataway, NJ


At the ICM in 1978, R. Apéry's proof of the irrationality of ζ(3) was presented. In this proof, he introduced a sequence of integers, now known as Apéry numbers. Apéry-like numbers are special integer sequences, studied by Beukers and Zagier, which are modeled after Apéry numbers. Among their remarkable properties are connections with modular forms, Calabi-Yau differential equations, and a number of p-adic properties, some of which remain conjectural.

A result of Gessel shows that Apéry's sequence satisfies Lucas congruences. We prove corresponding congruences for all sporadic Apéry-like sequences. While, in some cases, we are able to employ approaches due to McIntosh, Samol-van Straten and Rowland-Yassawi to establish these congruences, there are few others for which we require a finer analysis. As an application, we investigate modulo which numbers these sequences are periodic. In particular, we show that the Almkvist-Zudilin numbers are periodic modulo 8, a special property which they share with the Apéry's numbers.

This is joint work with Armin Straub.

See: http://sites.math.rutgers.edu/~bte14/expmath/