Leadership Program Exploring Discrete Mathematics in the Classroom

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# The Twelve Days of Christmas

NEWS FLASH - Updated 2004 prices!

The prices given below are the 2004 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree  93.00
A pair of turtle doves   40.00
One French hen   15.00
One calling bird  99.00
A simple gold ring   51.00
One goose a-laying   35.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  403.91
One Piper piping  186.65
One Drummer drumming  185.36

If purchased on the Internet the cost, including delivery charges, would be

A partridge in a pear tree   147.50
A pair of turtle doves  105.00
One French hen  67.50
One calling bird   107.25
A simple gold ring   48.00
One goose a-laying   100.00
One swimming swan  875.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   37.00
One Lord a-leapin'  1,062.90
One Piper piping   150.00
One Drummer drumming   59.38

Updated 2003 prices!

The prices given below are the 2003 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree  77.50
A pair of turtle doves   58.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird  100.00
A simple gold ring   72.25
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  392.14
One Piper piping  180.22
One Drummer drumming  178.97

If purchased on the Internet the cost, including delivery charges, would be

A partridge in a pear tree   171.67
A pair of turtle doves  100.00
One French hen  57.50
One calling bird   82.50
A simple gold ring   36.75
One goose a-laying   62.50
One swimming swan  660.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   37.00
One Lord a-leapin'  1,012.29
One Piper piping   145.45
One Drummer drumming   57.29

Updated 2002 prices!

The prices given below are the 2002 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree  102.50
A pair of turtle doves   58.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   79.00
A simple gold ring   76.50
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  300.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'   392.14
One Piper piping   146.78
One Drummer drumming   145.76

If purchased on the Internet the cost, including delivery charges, would be

A partridge in a pear tree   201.66
A pair of turtle doves  100.00
One French hen  57.50
One calling bird   82.50
A simple gold ring   34.30
One goose a-laying   62.50
One swimming swan  660.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   37.04
One Lord a-leapin'  964.08
One Piper piping   140.91
One Drummer drumming   57.29

The prices given below are the 2001 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree  140.00
A pair of turtle doves   58.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   79.00
A simple gold ring   75.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  377.06
One Piper piping  146.78
One Drummer drumming  145.76

If purchased on the Internet the cost, including delivery charges, would be

A partridge in a pear tree   190.00
A pair of turtle doves  100.00
One French hen  57.50
One calling bird   75.00
A simple gold ring   29.40
One goose a-laying   62.50
One swimming swan  660.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   37.04
One Lord a-leapin'  936.00
One Piper piping  140.91
One Drummer drumming   52.08

The prices given below are the 2000 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree   113.00
A pair of turtle doves   50.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   70.00
A simple gold ring   50.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  366.08
One Piper piping   140.40
One Drummer drumming  139.43

If purchased on the Internet the cost, including delivery charges, would be

A partridge in a pear tree   82.94
A pair of turtle doves  104.98
One French hen  49.17
One calling bird   75.00
A simple gold ring   29.40
One goose a-laying   42.50
One swimming swan  660.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   37.04
One Lord a-leapin'  900.00
One Piper piping  140.91
One Drummer drumming   50.00

The prices given below are the 1999 PNC Bank figures. This information should be given to the students one day at a time to allow them to determine the total cost of the gifts given in the song.

A partridge in a pear tree   113.00
A pair of turtle doves   50.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   70.00
A simple gold ring   50.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  353.70
One Piper piping  134.02
One Drummer drumming  133.09

The prices given below are the 1998 PNC Bank figures.

A partridge in a pear tree  104.99
A pair of turtle doves   50.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   70.00
A simple gold ring   50.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  343.40
One Piper piping  107.21
One Drummer drumming  114.80

The prices given below are the 1997 PNC Bank figures.

Notice that the price of a partridge in a pear tree increased from \$27.50 to \$45.00. The cost of the partridge (\$15) did not change. The price of the pear tree at the nursery PNC contacted went from \$15.00 to \$30.00 in just one year! (The variety of pear tree that has been on sale at half price for several years is no longer available.)

A partridge in a pear tree   45.00
A pair of turtle doves   25.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   70.00
A simple gold ring   65.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   5.15
One Lord a-leapin'  330.99
One Piper piping  103.38
One Drummer drumming  102.67

The prices given here are the 1996 PNC Bank figures.

A partridge in a pear tree   27.50
A pair of turtle doves   25.00
One French hen   5.00
One calling bird   70.00
A simple gold ring   65.00
One goose a-laying   25.00
One swimming swan  500.00
A milkmaid hired for 1 hour   4.25